Passive voice 被動語態
 簡單式
Allen writes a letter.(現在簡單式)
A letter                                     by Allen.
Allen wrote a letter.(過去簡單式)
A letter                                        by Allen.
 進行式
Allen is writing a letter.(現在進行式)
A letter                                                               by Allen.
Allen was writing a letter.(過去進行式)
A letter                                                               by Allen.
 未來式
Allen will write a letter.
A letter                                                               by Allen.
Allen is going to write a letter.
A letter                                                                     by Allen.
 完成式
Allen has written a letter.
A letter                                                               by Allen.
 助動詞
Allen must write a letter.
A letter                                                               by Allen.
Allen should write a letter.
A letter                                                               by Allen.
Allen can write a letter.
A letter                                                               by Allen.

Exercise 1:主動改被動
1.    He saw that movie last night.

                                                                              .
2.    She wrote that letter to me.

                                                                                  .
3.    I grow these roses.

                                                                                  .
4.    My uncle bought this car.

                                                                                  .
5.    Susan is painting this picture.

                                                                                  .
6.    Many people enjoyed the concert.

                                                                                  .
7.    Jason has finished the report.

                                                                              .
8.    She is going to wash the car.

                                                                              .
9.    My aunt will do the job.

                                                                                  .
10.    The teachers should help the students.

                                                                                  .










Exercise 2 被動改主動
1.    Two books have been written by Joseph.

                                                                                                           .
2.    Football is being played by many students.

                                                                                                                .
3.    She should be given that present by her best friends.

                                                                                                                .
4.    The letter has been received by the queen.

                                                                                                                .
5.    The movie must be seen by everyone.

                                                                                                           .
6.    This book is being written by the great writer.

                                                                                                                .
7.    They are being helped by me.

                                                                                                                .
8.    The movie is going to be seen by all of us.

                                                                                                                .
9.    This cake can be eaten by kids.

                                                                                                                .
10.    This book must be read by the students.

                                                                                                                .

 
 
否定句的被動語態
1.    先改成肯定句
2.    改成被動語態
3.    將被動語態改成否定句    (V + not)
1.    They did not like the music.(過去式)         
a.    They liked the music.
b.    The music was liked by them.
c.    The music was not liked by them.
   
2.    I have not written that letter.(完成式)
a.    I have written that letter.
b.    That letter has been written by me.
c.    That letter has not been written by me.

3.    You can not eat that cake. (助動詞) 
a.    You can eat that cake.
b.    That cake can be eaten by you.
c.    That cake can not be eaten by you.
                                       
4.    They do not like that story. (現在式)
a.    They like that story.
b.    That story is liked by them.
c.    That story is not liked by them.

5.    They will not help me. ( 未來式) 
a.    They will help me.
b.    I will be helped by them.
c.    I will not be helped by them.
                      
6.    This girl is not going to meet her boyfriend on Sunday. (未來式)
a.    That girl is going to meet her boyfriend on Sunday.
b.    Her boyfriend is going to be met by that girl on Sunday.
c.    That girl’s boyfriend is not going to be met by her on Sunday.



Exercise 3 否定改被動 1~9     被動改主動10~15
1.    The farmers here do not grow apples.



2.    He did not meet me last night.



3.    I have not written that letter.



4.    John is not going to see that movie.



5.    He does not speak English.



6.    He will not wash the car.



7.    You should not eat that cake.



8.    My mom does not eat that kind of fish.



9.    Peter has not cooked the dinner.



 
10.    The book was not written by him.
 


11.    I am not going to be helped by you.



12.    That book has not been received by Allen.



13.    I will not be met by my student this morning.



14.    The door was not opened by little Johnny.



15.    That car was not bought by my teacher.



 









 


疑問句的被動語態
1.先改成肯定句
2.改成被動語態
3.將被動語態改成疑問句   
1. Do young kids enjoy classical music?
a. Young kids enjoy classical music.
b. Classical music is enjoyed by young kids.
c. Is classical music enjoyed by young kids?
2. Did you eat the cake? 
a. You ate the cake.
b. The cake was eaten by you.
c. Was the cake eaten by you?
 
3. Have you finished the report?
a. You have finished the report.
b. The report has been finished by you.
c. Has the report finished by you?

4. When did you write the letter?
a. You wrote the letter.
b. The letter was written by you.
c. When was the letter written by you?

5. Is he painting his room?
a. He is painting his room.
b. His room is being painted by him.
c. Is his room being painted by him?

                                                       


Exercise 4 主動改被動
1. Is he writing a book?



2. Did he write the letter?



3. Did you paint that picture?



4.Where did you read the report?



5.When did you read the report?



6.Has Jay finished his homework?



7.Did your sister visit the famous museum?



8.Do they grow vegetables?



9. Do they speak English?



10.Will you do the housework?


Exercise 5被動改主動
1.    Was the cake eaten by you?



2.    Is the movie liked by all of the students?



3.    Is that kind of music enjoyed by the people in Taiwan?



4.    Are diamonds loved by most women?



5.    Is the beautiful music played by John?



6.    When was the beautiful poem written by that great poet?



7.    Were they seen by you last night?



8.     Was the cake eaten by your sons?



9.    When was the window closed by you?



10.     Where were these old people helped by little Johnny?


Exercise 6
1. I              (send)two letters yesterday.               (do)you
                  (receive)them? Every letter                    (write)by me. Please               (write)back to me.
2.I                 (invite)to a dancing party last week. The music
                 (be) so noisy. I               (leave )the party as early as I
              (can).
3.

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