Dear all:
在高中的英文課程裡,經常可以看到分詞構句
聽起來好像很難很複雜,其實分詞構句是非常簡單的
學會了之後不但可以理解應文中的長句
同時應用在作文中,也可以為你拿下不錯的分數。(在使用正確的情形下)
我們接下來來看看麼是分詞構句吧
簡單而言,分詞構句就是把兩句簡單句(simple sentence)合併成一句組合句(compound sentence)
當兩具簡單句的主詞一致的時候,我們可以把一句的主詞省略,再將他的動詞改為分詞形式就可以了
但須注意分詞有兩種:現在分詞(表主動意)過去分詞(表被動意)
舉例來說:
Helen was tired.
Helen went to bed early yesterday.
這兩個句子中,我們強調Helen went to bed early.(主要子句)的原因是she was tired.
所以主要子句不變
was改成分詞形式being
這句就變成了Being tired, Helen went to bed early yesterday.
我們再來看另一個句子
This book is written for young kids.(被動)
This book has a lot of photos in it.
在這兩個簡單句中要強調的是This book has many photos. Because it is written for young kids.
所以這句就變成了Being written for young kids, this book has a lot of photos in it.
然而大家須注意:在過去分詞構句中過去分詞前的being經常省略
所以這句就成了
Written for young kids, this book has a lot of photos in it.
這樣有沒有了解啊!

練習題:
1.    Peter was hit by the truck.   Peter was sent to the hospital.

2.    Little Daisy is singing happily. Little Daisy is going to the party.

3.    The picture was drawn carefully. The picture is very beautiful.

4.    Tom's father left no money. Tom's father died.

Answes:

1. (Being) hit by the truck, Peter was sent to the hospital.

2. Singing happily,, little Daisy is going to the party.

3. (Being) drawn carefully, the picture is very beautiful.

4. Tom's father died, leaving no money.

結論:

1.找出兩句主詞,確定主詞一致

2.留下主要子句,另一句則省略主詞

3.將動詞改成分詞形式(v-ing/v-ed)

4.v-ing表主動;v-ed表被動

祝大家學習愉快


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